The third largest CO2 emitter in the world, Indonesia is undergoing deforestation, which represents 35% of its emissions. In the Tesso Nilo National Park in Sumatra, one third of the forests was lost between 1990 and 2007, replaced by acacia plantations and particularly palm oil trees. Decreasing deforestation in the park should diminish CO2 emissions into the atmosphere and better preserve its biodiversity.
The program, whose scientific aspect is supported by the Air Liquide Foundation – notably the development of the analytical methodology used to calculate carbon sequestered in the trees –, and initiated by WWF, aims at setting up the first pilot site of REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, sustainable forest management and enhancement of the forest carbon stock) in a national park.
The goal is to evaluate this stock in Tesso Nilo and in this way accurately measure the carbon emissions avoided
In return, REDD+ proposes to economically develop the forest so that it is more profitable to conserve it than to destroy it, both for the authorities and the local communities. The idea is therefore to “remunerate the country for non-deforestation”, through a system of financial aid for operations that fight against deforestation and the degradation of the forests, the conservation and increase in forest carbon stock, the establishment of sustainable forest management and the development of alternative income to benefit local communities such as eco-tourism, apiculture, etc.
The Foundation's will finance the purchase of computer equipment and to the hiring of dedicated personnel
Concretely, the Foundation’s will finance the purchase of computer equipment and to the hiring of dedicated personnel responsible for land surveys (permanent plots, tree measurement, soil samples, the biomass, plant crown photos by species and so on) necessary to evaluate the volume of wood per hectare and the carbon in the soil, and consequently the calculation of the total amount of carbon stored in the forest. The team in charge of the program will work closely with a Canadian university.